ASM International NV
ASM International NV engages in the design and manufacture of semiconductor equipment, materials and process solutions. The company operates through its Front-end and Back-end segments. The Front-end segment manufactures and sells equipment used in wafer processing, which includes the fabrication steps where silicon wafers are layered with semiconductor devices. The Back-end segment operates through ASM Pacific Technology and manufactures and sells equipment and materials used in assembly and packaging, encompassing the processes in which silicon wafers are separated into individual circuits and subsequently assembled, packaged, and tested. The company was founded by Arthur H. del Prado on March 4, 1968 and is headquartered in Almere, Netherlands.