Merck KGaA operates as a pharmaceutical, chemical and life science company, which engages in the research and development of innovative drugs and chemicals. The company operates through four divisions: Merck Serono, Consumer Health, Performance Materials & Merck Millipore. The Merck Serono division is biopharmaceutical division which markets both chemical and biotechnological products. The Consumer Health division is an over-the-counter drug business primarily focused on Europe (France, Germany and the U.K.), with a growing presence in Emerging Markets. The Performance Materials division engages in the chemicals business that offers high-tech performance chemicals for applications in fields such as consumer electronics, lighting, coatings, printing, plastics, and cosmetics. The Merck Millipore division involves in the life science tools businesses in the world and provides products used for laboratory research and the production of biologic drugs. Merck was founded in 1668 and is headquartered in Darmstadt, Germany.