Orascom Construction Industries SAE is engaged in fertilizer production and construction services. Its activities include import and export; leasing of equipment; and manufacture of fabricated steel products, and architectural curtain walling and window systems. The company operates through the Construction and Fertilizer segments. The Construction segment provides engineering and construction services primarily on infrastructure, industrial, and commercial projects. The Fertilizer segment invests, produces, and distributes nitrogen-based fertilizer. It also holds investments in production facilities such as fertilizer plants. The company was founded by Onsi Sawiris in 1971 and is headquartered in Cairo, Egypt.