BHP Billiton Ltd.
BHP Billiton Ltd. is a global resources company, which is engaged in minerals exploration, development, production and processing; and oil and gas exploration, development and production. The company's commodities include iron ore, metallurgical and energy coal, conventional and non-conventional oil and gas, copper, energy coal, aluminium, manganese, uranium, nickel and silver. It operates through five segments: Petroleum and Potash, Copper, Iron Ore, Coal and Aluminium, Manganese and Nickel. The Petroleum and Potash segment includes exploration, development and production of oil and gas potash development. The Copper segment includes mining of copper, silver, lead, zinc, molybdenum, uranium and gold. The Iron Ore segment includes mining of iron ore. The Coal segment includes mining of metallurgical coal and thermal energy coal. The Aluminium, Manganese and Nickel segment includes mining of bauxite, refining of bauxite into alumina and smelting of alumina into aluminium metal, and also mining of manganese ore and production of manganese metal, alloys and nickel products. The company's history roots back to the incorporation of BHP on August 13, 1885. BHP Billiton was founded after the merger of BHP and Billiton in June 2001 and it is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia.