Alcatel-Lucent SA is engaged in the provision of communications solutions to telecommunications companies and Internet service and data providers. It develops and integrates technologies, applications and services to offer innovative global communications solutions. The company operates its business through three segments: Networks, Software, Services & Solutions, and Enterprise. The Networks segment is organized into four businesses: IP, Optics, Wireless and Wireline. It supplies a broad portfolio of network products and offerings used by fixed, wireless and converged service providers to help them address these changing telecommunications market needs, and to enterprises and governments for their business critical communications. The Software, Services & Solutions segment provides services for telecommunications service providers and strategic industries, including transportation, energy and public sector. It operates through two main businesses Services, which designs, integrates, manages and maintains networks worldwide, and Network Applications. The Enterprise segment provides the software platforms and systems hardware to create network-based solutions. It delivers solutions that enable businesses to deliver collaborative conversations across application fluent networks, an intelligent network infrastructure capable of automatically adjusting resources according to the nature of applications to transport. The company was founded by Pierre Azaria on June 18, 1898 and is headquartered in Paris, France.