BASF SE is engaged in the chemical industry. It operates through the following segments: Chemicals, Plastics, Performance Products, Functional Solutions, Agricultural Solutions, and Oil and Gas. The Chemicals segment comprises chemicals and intermediates including solvents, plasticizers, glues and electronic chemicals, materials for detergents, plastics, textile, fibers, paints and coatings, crop protection products, and pharmaceuticals. The Plastics segment offers engineering plastics for the automotive and electrical industries, household appliances, and sports and leisure products. The Performance Products segment includes vitamins and food additives, and ingredients for pharmaceuticals, hygiene, home, and personal care items. The Functional Solutions segment consists of automotive and industrial catalysts, battery materials, automotive and industrial coatings, concrete admixtures, tile adhesives, and decorative paints. The Agricultural Solutions segment offers crop protection products that guard against fungal diseases, insects and weeds. The Oil and Gas segment is composed of the oil & gas division with the exploration & production and natural gas trading business sectors. The company was founded by Friedrich Engelhorn on April 6, 1865 and is headquartered in Ludwigshafen, Germany.