Novartis AG manufactures and markets health care and nutritional products. It provides innovative healthcare solutions and offers innovative medicines, eye care, cost-saving generic pharmaceuticals, preventive vaccines and diagnostic tools, over-the-counter and animal health products. The company operates through five segments: Pharmaceuticals, Alcon, Sandoz, Vaccines and Diagnostics and Consumer Health. The Pharmaceuticals segment provides innovative patent protected prescription medicines. The Alcon segment offers surgical, ophthalmic pharmaceuticals and vision care products. The Sandoz segment provides generic pharmaceuticals. The Vaccines and Diagnostics segment provides human vaccines and blood testing diagnostics. The Consumer Health segment contains two divisions, such as OTC and Animal Health, which manufactures, distributes and sells capabilities. Novartis was founded on February 29, 1996 and is headquartered in Basel, Switzerland.